Combining Aquaculture, Hydroponics and Solar Power
Aquaponics refers to any system that combines conventional aquaculture (raising aquatic animals such as snails, fish, crayfish or prawns in tanks) with hydroponics (cultivating plants in water) in a symbiotic environment. In normal aquaculture, excretions from the animals being raised can accumulate in the water, increasing toxicity. In an aquaponic system, water from an aquaculture system is fed to a hydroponic system where the by-products are broken down by nitrifying bacteria initially into nitrites and subsequently into nitrates that are utilized by the plants as nutrients. Then, the water is recirculated back to the aquaculture system.
As existing hydroponic and aquaculture farming techniques form the basis for all Aquaponic systems, the size, complexity, and types of foods grown in an Aquaponic system can vary as much as any system found in either distinct farming discipline. By combining Aquaculture, Hydroponics and Solar Power a self sustaining environmentally friendly low cost food production can be built.